A guide to the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects patients who suffer from psoriasis, an autoimmune skin condition. Psoriasis is marked by the formation of red patches on the skin that may flake. Patients may also develop white or silvery scales that itch and peel.
Let’s take a look at the main symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.
Swelling in the joints
One of the primary symptoms of psoriatic arthritis is swelling and pain in the knees, ankles, toes, and fingers. The lower back may also be affected in some cases. It is easy to confuse swelling caused by psoriatic arthritis with the inflammation that occurs due to gout or ankylosing spondylitis. So, if one faces this symptom, it is best to get a proper diagnosis by a doctor.
Sudden onset of stiffness in the joints can indicate the onset of arthritis in patients who already suffer from psoriasis. This stiffness is especially prominent in the early morning. Yet osteoporosis also leads to a similar stiffness, and so, a professional medical evaluation is required.
Swollen fingers and toes
Patients suffering from psoriatic arthritis usually experience swollen fingers and toes. This swelling is called dactylitis, and it causes the fingers and toes to develop a sausage-like appearance.
Rashes on the skin
Psoriatic arthritis accompanies the onset of psoriasis. So patients may experience the onset of red rashes on the skin along with silver or white flakes that itch and peel. The nails can also get affected and develop a pitted appearance or may even separate entirely from the nail bed.
Like other forms of arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, too, is accompanied by constant fatigue. Additionally, patients may be unable to move their joints due to stiffness and pain.
Pain in ligaments and tendons
One of the common symptoms of psoriatic arthritis is a constant pain in the ligaments and tendons. This pain is especially common in the heel or the elbow. It is vital to note that this type of pain can also be caused by a sports injury or an accident.
Inflammation in the eyes
In some cases, psoriatic arthritis is accompanied by irritation in the eyes along with redness or swelling.